HDU 5112.A Curious Matt

223

题目



Description  


There is a curious man called Matt.

One day, Matt's best friend Ted is wandering on the non-negative half of the number line. Matt finds it interesting to know the maximal speed Ted may reach. In order to do so, Matt takes records of Ted’s position. Now Matt has a great deal of records. Please help him to find out the maximal speed Ted may reach, assuming Ted moves with a constant speed between two consecutive records.


Input  


The first line contains only one integer T, which indicates the number of test cases.

For each test case, the first line contains an integer N (2 ≤ N ≤ 10000),indicating the number of records.

Each of the following N lines contains two integers t i and x i (0 ≤ t i, x i ≤ 10 6), indicating the time when this record is taken and Ted’s corresponding position. Note that records may be unsorted by time. It’s guaranteed that all t i would be distinct.


Output  


For each test case, output a single line “Case #x: y”, where x is the case number (starting from 1), and y is the maximal speed Ted may reach. The result should be rounded to two decimal places.


Sample Input


3
2 2
1 1
3 4
3
0 3
1 5
2 0


Sample Output  


Case #1: 2.00
Case #2: 5.00

Hint  



In the rst sample, Ted moves from 2 to 4 in 1 time unit. The speed 2/1 is maximal.
In the second sample, Ted moves from 5 to 0 in 1 time unit. The speed 5/1 is maximal.


题解



求最快速度
相邻时间段速度看做一样的,按照时间排序求出最大的速度即可

代码


/*
By:OhYee
Github:OhYee
Blog:http://www.oyohyee.com/
Email:oyohyee@oyohyee.com

かしこいかわいい?
エリーチカ!
要写出来Хорошо的代码哦~
*/
#include <cstdio>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstring>
#include <cmath>
#include <string>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <list>
#include <queue>
#include <stack>
#include <map>
#include <set>
#include <functional>
using namespace std;

const int maxn = 10005;
struct Node {
    int x;
    int t;
    bool operator < (const Node &rhs)const {
        return t < rhs.t;
    }
};
Node node[maxn];

void Do() {
    int n;
    scanf("%d",&n);
    for(int i = 1;i <= n;i++) {
        scanf("%d%d",&node[i].t,&node[i].x);
    }
    sort(node + 1,node + 1 + n);
    double Max = 0.0;
    for(int i = 2;i <= n;i++) {

        Max = max(Max,
            abs(
            (double)
            (node[i].x - node[i-1].x) / 
            (node[i].t - node[i-1].t)
            )
        );
    }
    printf("%.2f\n",Max);
}

int main() {
    int T;
    scanf("%d",&T);
    for(int i = 1;i <= T;i++) {
        printf("Case #%d: ",i);
        Do();
    }
        
    return 0;
}
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